How to Install Artificial Grass

November 25, 2021 FieldTurf Landscape
Synthetic Grass Products & Installation - How to Install Artificial Grass Needed Tools Artificial grass material cut to your dimensions(15’ width min/ 60 sq. ft....
install artificial turf in your yard

Synthetic Grass Products & Installation – How to Install Artificial Grass

Needed Tools

Artificial grass material cut to your dimensions
(15’ width min/ 60 sq. ft. min orders).

Utility knife
Tape measure
Stiff bristled push broom
Sand infill (at least 30 grit)
Landscape stakes/Recommended or Fabric stakes
Golf: Flag, pole & cup
Seaming Tape and adhesive

Design Phase

  • Proper Drainage: Is the current drainage system adequate? Will installing artificial grass require extra drains, grading, or sloping?
  • Soil Condition: Do you need to wet or soften the ground? Or use a jackhammer to remove large rocks? Rain-soaked soil may need a few days to dry before starting.
  • Irrigation: Are there sprinklers for remaining trees and plants? Or does irrigation need finishing first? Identify all below-ground irrigation and electrical lines that could get damaged.
  • Damage Prevention: Get supplies to prevent damage from rodents or animals. Rodent wire (like chicken wire) may help. Is there a dog that could pull up the grass? If so, secure the perimeter.
  • Existing Design: Is there a concrete border? Is it smooth? Will you need to nail into concrete? Install borders and edging first. This gives accurate grass measurements.
  • Measurements: Measure carefully to minimize seams. This reduces labor.
  • Design Tips: Note the grain direction. Install all sections in the same direction. Opposing grains may cause visible seams.

Ground Preparation

  • Underground Hazards: Locate all irrigation heads. Cap or remove unwanted heads. Verify irrigation works before starting. Do the same with electrical.
  • Removing Existing Material: Use a sod cutter, shovel, and pickaxe to remove grass, sod, roots, mulch, and rocks. Grade the sub-base.
  • Base Preparation: The base surface maintains the artificial grass. Spread 3/8” crushed stone evenly over the area. Use 1 yard per 100 square feet of grass. Remove 3-4 inches of existing landscape first.
    • Spread base material evenly. Grade and level for drainage. Shape as desired – flat, rolled, mounded.
    • Lightly wet the area. Compact the base until 90% compaction. When dry, the area should be smooth and firm.
    • Ensure the blade tops are 1⁄2” above the hardscape. Add blade height to base depth. Remove extra at edges. The area can slope slightly.
    • If needed, install rodent wire over the whole sub-base. Overlap squares. Staple wire to ground.
    • If needed, install perimeter boards or treated lumber.

If you want to add extra features, like a weed barrier, make sure you integrate it before laying down the artificial turf. 

Artificial Grass Installation

  • Unroll the grass and stretch over the base. Don’t drag across the base. Lay it flat in the sun to remove wrinkles. Keep grain direction the same.
  • Cut the artificial grass to fit with a knife or cutter. Cut from the back to see stitches, and make sure you finish before seaming.
    • For curved edges, cut small increments to match design. Mark lines on the back with a silver marker as a guide.
    • If seaming two rolls, trim edges very straight. Lay adjacent on base in position. Match stitch lines for invisible seams.
  • Place the edges together, and line up stitches. Fold back edges and apply adhesive in a zigzag. Fold together over seaming material.
  • Secure around the seam. Use 6-7” landscape staples, alternating the sides every 6”. Place weight on seam while glue dries.
  • Attach the artificial grass to the border. The method depends on the border.
    • For treated lumber borders, nail every 3-6” with 20D or 40D nails.
    • For Polyboard borders, attach with an air gun.
    • If there’s no perimeter material, use 6-7” stakes 12” apart at edges.
  • Check irrigation and electrical before infill. Repair any damage and ensure they’re working.

Artificial Grass Infill

Proper infill installation is critical to maintaining your artificial grass system because the infill protects the turf blades and maintains level design. See the chart for amounts per grass type.

Common infill materials include washed sand and cryogenic rubber or acrylic coated sand. 

  • Spread the infill evenly with a drop spreader. Don’t dump large quantities because that would make it hard to ensure even distribution. Likewise, don’t install wet infill to avoid clumping.
  • Place the infill in the drop spreader and set the dispenser gauge to 5 or Medium. Spread the infill liberally but evenly. Always install sand infills first. Spread 1⁄2 lb per pass.
  • Brush the synthetic fibers upright. Use a stiff-bristled industrial broom, Grandi Groom, carpet rake, or a power broom.
  • Repeat the infill process until 1⁄2 of blades are exposed above infill. 
  • Water the entire artificial turf installation evenly to settle the infill. Adjust the infill again after it is dry.

Clean Up

Wash or sweep out and base material from the surrounding hardscape and clean up planter areas and swimming pools. 

Care and Maintenance

Routine Maintenance

  • Use a leaf blower to remove organic materials. Switch to a landscaping rake for heavier objects. You can also use a stiff broom to “bloom” or fluff up the turf in high traffic areas. We recommend Harper #6924A.
  • Use a shop VAC for dry spills. Hold the hose above the surface to avoid removing the infill.
  • Check edges for weeds. Remove or use pre/post emergent like RoundUp.
  • If infill is disturbed, let dry, remove debris, and fluff with broom to redistribute.

Spot Cleaning or Disinfecting

  • Rinse sticky spills to avoid dirt sticking. 
  • Use disinfectants if needed, but make sure to rinse it after to avoid residue.
  • Remove food waste quickly to avoid pest problems.
  • Get rid of paint with paint thinner or remover, then rinse off the residue with water.
  • Use ice to remove gum.

Pet Clean-Up

  • Remove solid waste normally, then wash off urine and poop residue.
  • Apply pet-friendly enzyme cleaners to bathroom spots to eliminate odors.

Putting Green Installation Highlights

  • A backyard putting green installation process, including proprietary “TourFringe,” a true apron cut, providing the distinctive “3-cut” putting green look like real greens.
  • Home putting green installation process including moguls, tiers, bulkheads, and bunkering reminiscent of real course designs of Palmer, Nicklaus, Dye, and Doak.
  • A “contoured elevation” practice putting green synthetic turf installation resulting in spectacular and realistic aesthetics, with “flow” and “subtleties.”
  • Pure and “tight” professional putting surface with conditions replicating tour greens.

As an artificial grass company, we are here to provide you with all the information you need on synthetic grass products. We also offer professional installation services and landscaping solutions. 

Feel free to reach out to us with any questions about the EasyTurf artificial grass installation process.

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